Summer Heat Safety

By Bill Clark

   The following information could save your life or your co-workers like if you work outside in the heat. 

   Pay attention to the following warning signs of heat related illnesses.

   To prevent heat related illnesses, take several breaks, rest in the shade and drink a lot of water.

   If you are working outside in the heat, it is recommended you drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water every day. You can drink other fluids, but water is recommended because it will hydrate you faster. 

Heat cramp symptoms:

· Severe cramps that begin in the hands, calves or feet

· Hard, tense muscles

Heat exhaustion symptoms:

· Fatigue

· Nausea

· Headaches

· Excessive thirst

· Muscle aches and cramps

· Weakness

· Dizziness

· Fainting

Heat exhaustion requires immediate action but is usually not life-threatening. Move the person to the shade, and cool them down slowly. Give them small amounts of water. Heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke if action is not taken right away to cool the person down.

Heat stroke symptoms:

· Nausea and vomiting

· Severe headache

· Dizziness

· Fatigue

· Hot, flushed, dry skin

· Decreased or no sweating

· Shortness of breath

· Confusion

· Convulsions

· Loss of consciousness

CAUTION: heat stroke is life threatening, CALL 9-1-1 IMMEDIATELY. 

   Again, call 9-1-1 immediately. Heat stroke is life threatening and move the individual in the shade. 

   Do not cool the person too quickly because the person could go into shock. Keep in the shade and wipe cool cloths over the forehead until paramedics arrive.

Some information provided by


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